Institutional-Repository, University of Moratuwa.  

Application of information technology in container terminals in Sri Lanka

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.advisor Jayasena, S Sumanasekera, PU 2014-08-06T11:15:00Z 2014-08-06T11:15:00Z 2014-08-06
dc.description.abstract Applications of Information Technology in the cargo handling business in general and the container shipping industry in particular are numerous and have grown rapidly in recent past. Software systems for cargo manifesting, operation planning, container tracking, plant operation and billing for the services provided have been developed by reputed software companies and such systems are in place in many leading ports throughout the world. The Port of Colombo started its container operation business as far back as 1979 and it is a pioneer in the Asian region. The Port of Colombo has two container terminal operators, namely Jaya Container Terminal, which is owned and operated by the Sri Lanka Ports Authority and the South Asia Gateway Terminal, which is owned by a consortium of P & O Shipping Line, John Keells Holdings and few other private organizations. Port of Colombo has maintained prominent rank (between 2 1 s t and 3 8 t h in the world) on the basis of container volume handled annually. As a result of continuous development works carried out in the past with the assistance of the Japanese Government, total revenue of the Port of Colombo has increased from a mere Rs. 650 million in 1979 (about US$ 26 million at 1979 rate) to Rs. 16 billion at 2003 (about US $ 160 million at today's rates) and this makes SLPA the most profitable institution in Sri Lanka. Almost all major container shipping lines use the Port of Colombo facilities; few examples, Mearsk Sealand Shipping Line (world largest container shipping line), P & O Shipping Line, Evergreen Shipping Line. Terminal Operators today face challenges in providing speedy services requested by shipping lines that operate very large ships with capacity more than 8,000 TEUs (twenty foot equivalent units). Few examples are, limitations of infrastructure (e.g. depth of the port), providing quay cranes, which can handle many rows of containers across the ship, and providing high berth productivity levels (in moves per hour), so that ship will stay a short time in the port. To provide those service requirements container terminals have to invest on information technology systems such as automated container location and positioning, wireless LAN, efficient yard operation software etc. The Port of Colombo depends on transhipment containers to maintain its current status as a recognised "Mega Container Port". But it has to face stiff competition form regional ports which are developing fast while Port of Colombo development work stagnating due to scarcity of capital. Also due to slow pace of development work, Port of Colombo finds that, it is very difficult to provide service levels requested by shipping lines. One way to improve service levels is by using an efficient information system and it will help to increase current low level of yard utilisation and vessel productivity levels to industry norm levels. This will help to increasing annual throughput capacity of the JCT from current 1.7 million TEUs to 2.8 million TEUs. In addition, such a system can support better flow of information with clients (e.g. using industry standard EDI messages), and online information to the shipping community. Also this will help to increase the satisfaction level of the shipping community, which is at a low ebb now. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject CONTAINERS en_US
dc.title Application of information technology in container terminals in Sri Lanka en_US
dc.type Thesis-Abstract en_US
dc.identifier.faculty Engineering en_US Master of Business Administration in Information Technology en_US
dc.identifier.department Computer Science and Engineering en_US 2004-12
dc.identifier.accno 91221 en_US

Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record