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Investigation on sintering behaviour of waste alumina roller material in presence of MgO and ZrO2

Show simple item record Rajasingham, S 2014-08-07T15:27:12Z 2014-08-07T15:27:12Z 2014-08-07
dc.description.abstract In the present study the feasibility of utilization of high alumina roller waste from fast firing kiln was studied. These roller wastes, which contain important quantities of S i 0 2 and Al203, can be used as cheaply available raw material in ceramic product. The sinterability of alumina waste powder at 1400°C, 1500°C 1600°C and 1700°C was studied by density measurement, XRD analysis, microstructural analysis and determination of mechanical properties of those sintered samples. The study was further done by adding Z r 0 2 to the waste in different wt% (2-8wt %) and modified with 10wt% alumina powder. Temperature required for the sintering waste powder to get theoretical density above 95% decreased with the addition of MgO as sintering aid. It showed the addition of MgO in amount above 0.5% promoted densification at 1500°C. At 1600°C, the higher density (-95%) was achieved with addition of MgO in between 0.5% - 1.5%. At higher temperature at 1700°C densification can be achieved with the MgO addition <0.5%. Densification of modified waste with 10% AI2O3 was increased with addition of MgO at 1500°C. The maximum density with (99.9%) was obtained at 0.5% MgO. The XR.D patterns of the MgO added waste powder compacts sintered at temperatures up to 1700°C for 3h showed the presence of mullite and corundum as the major phases in all samples. But Mg-Al Spinel was formed when the samples sintered at 1400°C for 3h. Optical microstructure was porous for samples with excess MgO (>1%) sintered above 1600°C for 3h. The SEM observation of the microstructure showed the grain morphology as spherical at I500°C for 3h, but with increase in sintering temperature to 1600°C for 3h it was observed as elongated rod like grains. Addition of Z r 0 2 acted as sintering aid and above 97% obtained in the sintering temperature range between 1500°C -1600°C. Z r 0 2 addition significantly improved the fracture toughness of the waste powder compacts also. Better mechanical properties such as hardness and strength were obtained for the densified compacts (above 95%). The maximum hardness was given as 5.35GPaq and 6.13GPa for the compositions 100% waste with lwt% MgO (96.3%) and modified with 10% A1203 with 0.5% MgO (99.9%) respectively which were sintered atl500°C for 3h. Maximum MOR values for the above composition were 169.3MPa and 213.25MPa respectively. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.title Investigation on sintering behaviour of waste alumina roller material in presence of MgO and ZrO2 en_US
dc.type Thesis-Abstract en_US
dc.identifier.faculty Engineering en_US M.Sc. en_US
dc.identifier.department Department of Materials Engineering en_US 2004
dc.identifier.accno 82469 en_US

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