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Investigation on sintering behaviour of waste alumina roller material in presence of MgO and ZrO2

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dc.contributor.advisor Jayaratna, M
dc.contributor.advisor Adikari, SU Rajasingham, S 2014-08-07T15:27:12Z 2014-08-07T15:27:12Z 2014-08-07
dc.identifier.citation Rajasingham, S. (2004). Investigation on sintering behaviour of waste alumina roller material in presence of MgO and ZrO2 [Master's theses, University of Moratuwa]. Institutional Repository University of Moratuwa.
dc.description.abstract In the present study the feasibility of utilization of high alumina roller waste from fast firing kiln was studied. These roller wastes, which contain important quantities of S i 0 2 and Al203, can be used as cheaply available raw material in ceramic product. The sinterability of alumina waste powder at 1400°C, 1500°C 1600°C and 1700°C was studied by density measurement, XRD analysis, microstructural analysis and determination of mechanical properties of those sintered samples. The study was further done by adding Z r 0 2 to the waste in different wt% (2-8wt %) and modified with 10wt% alumina powder. Temperature required for the sintering waste powder to get theoretical density above 95% decreased with the addition of MgO as sintering aid. It showed the addition of MgO in amount above 0.5% promoted densification at 1500°C. At 1600°C, the higher density (-95%) was achieved with addition of MgO in between 0.5% - 1.5%. At higher temperature at 1700°C densification can be achieved with the MgO addition <0.5%. Densification of modified waste with 10% AI2O3 was increased with addition of MgO at 1500°C. The maximum density with (99.9%) was obtained at 0.5% MgO. The XR.D patterns of the MgO added waste powder compacts sintered at temperatures up to 1700°C for 3h showed the presence of mullite and corundum as the major phases in all samples. But Mg-Al Spinel was formed when the samples sintered at 1400°C for 3h. Optical microstructure was porous for samples with excess MgO (>1%) sintered above 1600°C for 3h. The SEM observation of the microstructure showed the grain morphology as spherical at I500°C for 3h, but with increase in sintering temperature to 1600°C for 3h it was observed as elongated rod like grains. Addition of Z r 0 2 acted as sintering aid and above 97% obtained in the sintering temperature range between 1500°C -1600°C. Z r 0 2 addition significantly improved the fracture toughness of the waste powder compacts also. Better mechanical properties such as hardness and strength were obtained for the densified compacts (above 95%). The maximum hardness was given as 5.35GPaq and 6.13GPa for the compositions 100% waste with lwt% MgO (96.3%) and modified with 10% A1203 with 0.5% MgO (99.9%) respectively which were sintered atl500°C for 3h. Maximum MOR values for the above composition were 169.3MPa and 213.25MPa respectively. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject MATERIALS ENGINEERING-thesis en_US
dc.title Investigation on sintering behaviour of waste alumina roller material in presence of MgO and ZrO2 en_US
dc.type Thesis-Abstract en_US
dc.identifier.faculty Engineering en_US M.Sc. en_US
dc.identifier.department Department of Materials Engineering en_US 2004
dc.identifier.accno 82469 en_US

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