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Methodology to Assess the Reliability of Transport Networks under Disaster Conditions

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dc.contributor.advisor Bandara, JMSJ Adikariwattage, VV 2014-08-19T17:32:30Z 2014-08-19T17:32:30Z 2014-08-19
dc.description.abstract Transportation research and development covers a multitude of topics regarding all areas in transportation. Transportation reliability and vulnerability studies are a new area that has started to draw a lot of attention particularly about its possible applications to help disaster management practices. But unfortunately transportation network risk and vulnerability assessment has not received due recognition so far when formulating preparedness policies in disaster management operations. There are various types of studies such as environmental impact assessment, cost benefit studies for transportation infrastructure where a wide variety of features are looked at, but risk and vulnerability analysis of the transportation network has not yet been considered with much importance. One major reason for this can be highlighted as the lack of established terminology and associated means of analysis that can be specifically adopted for the purpose. And further more it is difficult to draw a firm consensus on available methods due to various disparities among the concepts proposed. The aim of this research is to develop a methodology to evaluate the state of transportation networks in terms of accessibility and connectivity under disaster situations. A new methodology is proposed based on concepts of both vulnerability and reliability assessment of transportation networks. The proposed method expresses the state of the network using an index defined as the Preparedness Index that is used as a measurement of the state of the network against possible threats and degradation due to damage. The proposed preparedness index has two components, one to assess the quality or the effectiveness of the connection in terms of distance covered, travel time or LOS provided, and the other component to assess the probability of maintaining the connection that takes in to account the prevailing uncertainty in the network. With the proposed concept it was possible to achieve a good balance in the measurement regarding the state of the network without any one component, either network structural aspects or predictability and probability aspects dominating the analysis. Therefore this proposed index has the potential to over come some of the draw backs identified with conventional methods. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.title Methodology to Assess the Reliability of Transport Networks under Disaster Conditions en_US
dc.type Thesis-Abstract en_US
dc.identifier.faculty Engineering en_US Master of Science en_US
dc.identifier.department Transport and Logistics Management en_US 2008-09
dc.identifier.accno 92978 en_US

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