Institutional-Repository, University of Moratuwa.  

Development and verification of a soil erosion model based on OIS to determine erosion hazard zones in a watershed

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.advisor Wijesekara, NTS Chandrasena, KG 2011-06-11T04:21:32Z 2011-06-11T04:21:32Z
dc.description.abstract For Sri Lanka the protection of it's central highland as a watershed is most important because most of development projects in dry areas are based on water and this water is from rivers that now from central highlands. On the other hand in physical terms, soil erosion causes greater damage to agricultural productivity than any other factor. As a result of soil erosion, serious land degradation takes place specially in hilly areas. The occurrence of landslides and flash floods increases the loss of lives and property causing a set back to the country's economic growth. In a limited resources environment this problem of watershed degradation has been neglected for several decades. Therefore, it is of utmost important to address this problem since soil erosion is one of the major problems in watershed management because it directly affects the natural vegetation and also reduces the agricultural productivity. As such in watershed management, it is natural that soil erosion reduction measures are given priority over many other issues. In this context - it is necessary to identify the most vulnerable areas to implement a watershed management programme in relation to soil erosion. The present study is an attempt to contribute towards that goal of selection of vulnerable soil erosion zones. An area was selected in the Gurugoda watershed of Kegalle District carry out a case study. Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE) was used for computation of soil erosion using a Geographical Information System (GIS) technique. Most parameters appear in the USLE were tested and recommended for Western countries and studies for the tropical countries are limited or non-existent. Parameters for computation using USLE was done through a literature survey. Values of different parameters thus obtained were used to asses. the erosion hazard zones in the study area. The parameters and catchment characteristics such as topography, land cover, soil types etc were incorporated into a layered GIS data base. Overlaying was done to compute the annual soil loss distribution in a spatial context. The zones were classified into three different classes namely the regions with Negligible erosion, Moderate erosion, and Severe erosion A field survey was conducted to identify the actual erosion hazard zones and these zones were also classified in the same manner. Values obtained from field work were compared with the values from USLE and parameters from literature. The comparison of field identified erosion levels with computations, used a trial and error variation of erosion class classification to verify the estimation. The verification of the soil erosion model identified the classification that could be used for watersheds similar to the Gurugoda watershed in the Kegalle District.
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Civil Engineering
dc.subject Erosion
dc.subject Soil Mechanics
dc.subject Watersheds Sri Lanka
dc.title Development and verification of a soil erosion model based on OIS to determine erosion hazard zones in a watershed
dc.type Thesis-Abstract
dc.identifier.faculty Engineering en_US MEng en_US
dc.identifier.department Department of Civil Engineering en_US 2000
dc.identifier.accno 72701 en_US

Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record