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dc.contributor.advisor Rodrigo, Dr.AS
dc.contributor.author De Silva, LRJ
dc.date.accessioned 2015-02-21T22:13:41Z
dc.date.available 2015-02-21T22:13:41Z
dc.date.issued 2015-02-22
dc.identifier.uri http://dl.lib.mrt.ac.lk/handle/123/10681
dc.description.abstract On the aesthetic side of green architecture or sustainable design is the philosophy of designing a building that is in harmony with the natural features and resources surrounding the site. There are several key steps in designing sustainable buildings: specify 'green' building materials from local sources, reduce loads, optimize systems, and generate on-site renewable energy. The Air Force Headquarters (AFHQ) building has been constructed 12 years before and minimal concern has been made for the application of green building concepts. In order to apply these key steps into the AFHQ building there are restrictions and limited steps could be accommodated. Reduce the load, optimize the systems and save energy are the most important key steps which can be applied for this building. At present the systems are being operated catering only for the basic requirements of occupants. Whole building is used for offices and there are few elements operated in the night time also due to the operational and security commitments in the country. Observations have been made on general lighting and air conditioning systems which can be improved in order to reduce the load, optimize the system and finally to save the energy. Minimise the energy waste is one of the main concerns of the green building design and such avenues have been explored and evaluated the total energy saving has been estimated. AFHQ building’s light system and air conditioning system have been modelled using DIALux 4.11 and Loadsoft 6.0 software respectively. Basically a typical floor is modelled for the existing system parameters and calculated the energy consumption. The lighting system has been designed based on general requirement of offices and not integrated with the partitions and natural lights. The power consumption of a typical floor is nearly 10KW where fluorescent lamps with magnetic ballasts used. With the new design electronic ballast are used and luminaries were selected to maintain 300-500 lux level at the working plane. The total power consumption is reduced by 4KW and further reduced with the day light integration. The total load averagely reduced to 3.2-4.1KW at the day time where total energy reduction is 46-52kWh per day per floor. Chilled water central air conditioning system has designed for two chillers of capacity 200 tonnes and each chiller serve 7 floors of the building. There are 14 AHUs serving each floor having fixed drive motors. The temperature of each floor varies significantly within the floor as well as during the working time. In side temperature is directly responded to the outside environmental conditions. Only one thermostat is available in one floor and not sufficient to cater the whole area where there are different types of partitions. Present cooling load of a typical floor is approximately 25-28 tonnes with constant air flow and uncontrolled fresh air. At present the inside temperature is not controllable and some instances drops to 22-23oC creating uncomfortable working environment. While proposing variable air flow and regulating the inside temperature to 24oC the cooling load could be reduced by 14-17% of the total existing load where total energy saving per day per floor is 197.1 kWh. Then a new system was proposed with day light integration and simulated with software and optimum quality of the window is defined. The total energy saving is calculated as LKR 16.7 M against the total cost of the proposal LKR 56.6 M. The return on the investment has been calculated as 3 years. Key words: Green Building, Optimize, model, Simulation, Day Light Integration en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING - Dissertations ; ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS - Dissertations ; GREEN BUILDINGS en_US
dc.title Energy modelling of a multi-storeyed building for green building design en_US
dc.type Thesis-Abstract en_US
dc.identifier.faculty Engineering en_US
dc.identifier.degree M.Sc. en_US
dc.identifier.department Department of Electrical Engineering en_US
dc.date.accept 2014
dc.identifier.accno 107085 en_US


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