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Estimate and modify O-D flows and evaluate travel time using minimal number of link flow counts

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dc.contributor.advisor Bandara, JMSJ Pilanavithana, US 2015-04-08T16:32:28Z 2015-04-08T16:32:28Z 2015-04-08
dc.description.abstract Accurate real-time information provision and short-term predictions of traffic parameters such as volumes, travel speeds and occupancies, is a research topic that has attracted considerable interest in the literature. This is, at least in part, a result of the increasing penetration of Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) technologies in everyday life. ITS technologies, with Advanced Traveller Information Systems (ATIS) and Advanced Traffic Management Systems (ATMS) as examples, attempt to deal with the traffic congestion and travel time problems facing commuters in many urban areas worldwide by better synchronizing traffic signals and by assisting drivers on selecting routes based on accurate real-time information on traffic conditions. Objective of this research is to estimate and modify the Origin-Destination flows with latest traffic volume data obtained from minimal number of link flow counts within the network. Methodology in satisfying the research objective has been developed by a Dynamic Program (Dynamic Travel Time Discoverer – DTTD) in an analytical software platform widely used around the world. Developed methodology allows estimating the link flows and calculating the travel time while giving an opportunity to simultaneously modify the Origin Destination (O-D) flows according to the latest field information. During the program runs, Seed O-D Flow and Distance matrices are read by the program and calculate the total link volumes according to the seed matrices and stores in arrays. Secondly, Akçelik Speed-Flow model is used to convert total flow values into Travel Time values. A case study was carried out to validate this model to Sri Lankan conditions. This model produces significantly improved traffic assignment run times and provides more accurate speed estimates and reasonably accurate travel times to assure the objective of identify the best path based on travel time using minimum traffic flow information available. As an another option, program enables user to modify the link flow values with latest traffic data obtained from link flow counts and re-write the seed O-D Flow matrix with the updated values. When the program re-runs, it concludes the shortest path in travel time basis with the latest updates. In conclusion, the estimation of link flows and modifying the O - D flows can be performed by two stages model and travel time is projected by the improved speed flow relationship. Projected travel time facilitates selecting the best path or the next alternative for the user destination. Furthermore, integrate a method which will automatically update the system data base with the latest traffic data corresponding to road links and give the most up-to-date best travel time path to the road user is proposed as a future development en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject CIVIL ENGINEERING-Thesis en_US
dc.subject Intelligent Transportation System
dc.subject O – D Flow
dc.subject Link Traffic Flow
dc.title Estimate and modify O-D flows and evaluate travel time using minimal number of link flow counts en_US
dc.type Thesis-Abstract en_US
dc.identifier.faculty Engineering en_US M.Sc. en_US
dc.identifier.department Department of Civil Engineering en_US 2013
dc.identifier.accno 107068 en_US

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