Institutional-Repository, University of Moratuwa.  

Performance of the biological unit in polishing the effluent at Unilever Ceylon (Ltd.)

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.advisor Pathinather, S Jansz, HWRL 2011-02-24T05:40:24Z 2011-02-24T05:40:24Z
dc.description.abstract The Effluent Treatment Plant (ETP) of Unilever Ceylon Ltd. which was the basis for this study, consists of Physical , Chemical & Biological treatment units. The objective of this research study was to evaluate the performance of the biological unit of Activated Sludge. The ETP is continuously operating 24 hours a day. A number of process problems occur due to large variations of flow & characteristics of influent in the daily load. In addition to that, operational practice also contribute to the same. Although there are some problems during the operational stage, the results indicate that the system is operating quite efficiently with respect to COD, BOD removals and also the concentrations of the above in the treated effluent meet the standards stipulated by the CEA. (ie. 70% of the data collected met the general standard of effluents discharged to inland surface waters stipulated by the CEA). Also this research study indicates that the plant can assimilate considerable high shock loads of the above pollutants without significant treatment failure. This may be due to the fact that the plant is opearing at low average design flow during the period of study. During the study period , sudden discharges of Caustic effluents were observed. Such discharges resulted foam formation problems in the treatment plant. This has affected specially in fat removal unit which is very important for the effective performance of the biological unit. Sludge bulking and very high mixed liquor suspended solids have been identified to be contributing to the lower efficiency. IV It is concluded that, 1. Dissolved Oxygen concentration is extremely low in aeration tank 2. Nitrogen availability in the aeration tank is not quite sufficient for cell synthesis 3. Low Food to Micro-Organism (F/M) values due to high mixed liquor concentration in the aeration tank etc. Accordingly remedial measures have been recommended as follows; 1. Install a closed loop control system in pH adjustments and chemical dosing in the process 2. Increase the Dissolved Oxygen level in the aeration tank 3. Feed nutrients as required by the ratio ofBODs:N:P: = 100:5:1 4. Maintain Mixed liquor suspended solids concentration in the range of 3000-4500 mg/l etc. v
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject SEWAGE TREATMENT-sludge digestion
dc.title Performance of the biological unit in polishing the effluent at Unilever Ceylon (Ltd.)
dc.type Thesis-Abstract
dc.identifier.faculty Engineering en_US MEng en_US
dc.identifier.department Department of Civil Engineering en_US
dc.identifier.accno 74342 en_US

Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record