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Development of an anthropomorphic transhumeral prosthetic arm for upper ...

Show simple item record Bandara, DSV 2015-09-16T10:42:08Z 2015-09-16T10:42:08Z 2015-09-16
dc.description.abstract During the past few years there was a rapid development in robotic prosthetic limb technology to be used for the upper limb amputees. Anthropomorphic transhumeral arm prosthesis is proposed in this thesis to assist the activities of daily living of amputees. The prosthesis generates elbow flexion/extension, forearm supination/pronation, wrist ulna/radial deviation, wrist flexion/extension and another 11 DoF at the terminal device. In order to generate the wrist flexion/extension and ulna/radial deviation, a novel wrist mechanism is proposed based on the parallel prismatic manipulators. Two wrist motions occur in two different axes. The wrist design also follows the human anatomical structure. It is expected to realize high speed operation, higher positional accuracy and anthropomorphic features using the proposed mechanism. The arm prosthesis consists of an under-actuated hand as the terminal device with intrinsic actuation. A novel under-actuated mechanism is introduced as the finger designs, except for the thumb. The mechanism is capable of generating 3 DoF for the finger design. It further poses the capability of adjusting the finger joint angles passively, according to the geometry of the grasping object. With the intention of verifying the effectiveness of the mechanisms in motion generation, motion simulation and kinematic analysis are carried out. The results proved that the mechanisms are capable of generating the required DoFs to generate the lost motions of the human upper limb. Several experiments are carried out using the prototype of the arm prosthesis. Experimental results also proved the effectiveness of the proposed mechanisms for expected motion generation. Additionally a parameter to evaluate the finger designs of finger mechanisms is introduced en_US
dc.description.uri Do not upload online
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.title Development of an anthropomorphic transhumeral prosthetic arm for upper ... en_US
dc.type Thesis-Abstract en_US
dc.identifier.faculty Engineering en_US MPhil. en_US
dc.identifier.department Department of Mechanical Engineering en_US 2014
dc.identifier.accno 109004 en_US

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