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Integration of refinery flare gas system with fuel gas network for power generation

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dc.contributor.advisor Ranasinghe, RACP Indika, JAA 2018-06-18T23:55:33Z 2018-06-18T23:55:33Z
dc.description.abstract The high price of crude oil, strict environmental regulations and increasing demand for energy have made refineries adopt a more holistic approach to integrating energy, economics and environment in their design and operation. In this situation gas flaring can be considered as a major course for wasting energy in oil and gas refineries. It can be modified and use it for power generation and in-house heat generation. In this study a novel methodology is introduced to utilize the flare gas generated in a refinery through utilizing the pressure energy generated within the process. The proposed methodology uses pressure stages to regulate the pressures in predefined values and use either natural gas or LPG to makeup the gas requirement other than the gases from the process and flare system. Especial attention was given to regulate the existing FGN operation and to recover steady flow out for power generation. According to the cases analyzed with different input parameters, there was no observed variations in the vessel pressures and desired gas output flows. The gas flow from the plant values was set to vary up to 1574 g/s and the flare gas flow is varied up to 422 g/s. The profitability of using the flare gas recovered has been analyzed in 6 cases. Accordingly the total profit gain depends on the excess gases generated within the refinery, total gasses used in the process furnaces, total electricity demand and the makeup gas price. Considering LPG as a makeup gas and with the low LPG prices, there is maximum profit gain of 7,141,943 LKR in the situation where the power is generated using flare gas in the peak hours only. en_US
dc.subject Flare gas system en_US
dc.subject Fuel gas system en_US
dc.subject power generation en_US
dc.subject Natural gas en_US
dc.subject LPG en_US
dc.title Integration of refinery flare gas system with fuel gas network for power generation en_US
dc.type Thesis-Full-text en_US
dc.identifier.faculty Engineering en_US MEng in Energy Technology en_US
dc.identifier.department Department of Mechanical Engineering en_US 2017-02
dc.identifier.accno TH3453 en_US

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