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Encapsulation of nanoparticles in layered materials to be used in agricultural applications

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dc.contributor.advisor Kottegoda, N
dc.contributor.advisor Ismail, M
dc.contributor.author Madusanka, AN
dc.date.accessioned 2018-10-18T19:56:25Z
dc.date.available 2018-10-18T19:56:25Z
dc.identifier.uri http://dl.lib.mrt.ac.lk/handle/123/13626
dc.description.abstract Layered materials, which consist of stacks of layers, where the thickness of those layers occur, in the nanometer scale with interlayer charge balancing ions are interesting due to their potential applications in catalysis, biomedical applications, environmental remediation and controlled/ slow release applications in agriculture. Montmorillonite (MMT) is one of the smectite type clay composed of tetrahedral sheets of silica sandwiched between octahedral sheets aluminaand it can be used as a stable host matrix for storage, and delivery of encapsulated plant nutrients, which are released in a given medium for extended periods in a sustainable manner. In an attempt to address the unsolved problems in fertilizer use in agricuhure which is the loss of nitrogen due to leaching and evaporations as gaseous matter, a controlled release fertilizer nanocomposite formulation based on montmorillonite clay was developed. The resulting nanocomposite was prepared by the encapsulation of urea modified hydroxylapatite nanopartiles into montmorollinite clay. The resulting nanocomposites were characterized using a number of solid state characterization techniques such as Powder X-ray Diffraction (PXRD), Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) and Thermogravimetric Analysis. The release behavior of the nutrients in ^ the fertilizer compositions were studied in acidic soils (pH- 4.2 and pH -5.2) and in neutral sandy soil for over 60 days. The release bahaviour was compared with a commercial NPK fertilizer composition, which is currently used in tea industry. A sustained release of nitrogen was observed for the two acidic soils with the new fertilizer composition. iii en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Encapsulation of nanoparticles in layered materials to be used in agricultural applications en_US
dc.subject Encapsulation of nanoparticles en_US
dc.title Encapsulation of nanoparticles in layered materials to be used in agricultural applications en_US
dc.type Thesis-Abstract en_US
dc.identifier.faculty Engineering en_US
dc.identifier.degree Master of Science Chemical & Process Engineering en_US
dc.identifier.department Department of Chemical & Process Engineering en_US
dc.date.accept 2011-07
dc.identifier.accno 109279 en_US


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