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Reinforcement of carboxylated acrylonitrile-butadiene rubber latex films by surface modified fillers

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dc.contributor.advisor Liyanage, NMVK Liyanaarachchi, LADA 2019-01-22T23:05:33Z 2019-01-22T23:05:33Z
dc.description.abstract Carboxylated acrylonitrile butadiene rubber (XNBR) latex is a widely used synthetic copolymer of acrylonitrile and butadiene with a small amount of a third monomer containing carboxylic groups. Some of the mechanical properties of XNBR latex are not adequate for certain applications and should be enhanced. Incorporation of reinforcing fillers is most widely used technique for that purpose. Silica filler is used in dry rubber industry as a reinforcement agent, but difficult to use in latex applications due to some problems associated with dispersing silica resulted by its surface chemistry. Surface of silica should be modified in order to use as a reinforcing filler in latex applications. In the present investigation, XNBR latex was filled with a series of surface modified precipitated silica. Surface modification of silica was affected by two methods i.e. non aqueous medium modification and aqueous medium modification, with the use of some synthetic polymers (SP). Three types of SPs, containing hydrophillic and hydrophobic groups that are methacrylic acid and 2-ethyl hexyl acrylate, respectively in different ratios were synthesized and used at a concentration of 3 % by weight of silica for the modification. The effectiveness of the SPs in enhancing reinforcing ability of silica in XNBR latex films was evaluated through investigation of mechanical properties of a range of vulcanized films cast from filled XNBR latex compounds containing modified filler in different concentrations in the range of 5 to 20 phr loadings. One of the well known non-sulphur vulcanization systems of XNBR, crosslinking with zinc oxide was used during the study. Latex films were cast from filled latex by several routes with different process sequences in order to investigate the importance of each step of the process to find out the most suitable step for filler addition. Some of the mechanical properties important for rubber latex applications, such as tear strength, of modified silica filled cast films improved over unmodified silica filled cast films. Optimum tear strength of cast films filled with modified fillers was observed at 20 phr filler loading, while films containing 15 phr filler loading gave optimum tensile properties. Morphological studies done by scanning electron microscopy illustrated improved distribution and lower size of modified filler particles within the XNBR matrix indicating surface modification has reduced filler aggregation. SPs used for the modification are capable of enhancing reinforcing action of silica filller in XNBR latex films. The extent of enhancement of physical properties of filled cast films depends on the hydrophillic/hydrophobic ratio of SPs used for surface modification of silica. Highest physical properties were observed for the vulcanizates containing silica modified with the most hydrophobic SP, which is thought to be the result of better rubber filler interactions created by the entanglement of rubber chains with hydrophobic side groups present in this particular SP. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Carboxylated acrylonitrile butadiene rubber en_US
dc.subject synthetic polymer en_US
dc.subject silica filler en_US
dc.title Reinforcement of carboxylated acrylonitrile-butadiene rubber latex films by surface modified fillers en_US
dc.type Thesis-Full-text en_US
dc.identifier.faculty Engineering en_US MSc (Major Component Research) en_US
dc.identifier.department Department of Materials Science Engineering en_US 2015-01
dc.identifier.accno 109906 en_US

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