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dc.contributor.advisor Dayananda, N
dc.contributor.author Gunasekera, CL
dc.date.accessioned 2019-01-26T00:59:47Z
dc.date.available 2019-01-26T00:59:47Z
dc.identifier.uri http://dl.lib.mrt.ac.lk/handle/123/13851
dc.description.abstract Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) is a common non-malignant ailment effecting in ejaculatory duct of aging men. BPH induces bothersome lower urinary tract symptoms. The standard treatment for BPH is Transurethral Resection of the Prostate (TURP), which mitigate urinary symptoms and enhance urinary flow. Smooth sphincter of the bladder neck accumulates and resides seminal fluid as it reaches the prostatic urethra before it ejects during ejaculation. Retrograde ejaculation occurs due to removal of this smooth sphincter of the bladder neck during TURP. Hence, about 53-77% patients develop retrograde ejaculation after the procedure. The research has shown that preserving the portion of supramontanal prostatic tissue during TURP leads to preserve antegrade ejaculation in about 80% of patients. The accuracy of this surgical procedure could be enhanced by the aid of 3D modelling. A literature survey on the existing procedures for model construction indicated that further improvements could be achieved through reconstructing a 3D model. A 3D model will enhance the understanding of the anatomical relationship of the ejaculatory ducts and prostatic urethra in cross sections of the prostate gland and to determine a safe zone with the prostate to remove without damaging the ejaculatory ducts. We used photographic images of prostates obtained from male cadavers above the age of fifty years. The prostate samples fixed on to a wax block and uniform 2 mm thick slices were removed sequentially while taking photographs with a digital camera. Major steps in constructing a 3D model from the acquired images include: image registration to align series of slices, segmentation of the prostate, urethra and ducts and 3D modelling of the segmented structures. A simple landmark based image registration technique was employed by manually selecting points along the four edges of the wax block and automatically detecting the vertices of the block using intersections. Then rotation, translation and scaling were estimated on individual slices to align all the slices. The prostate was then segmented manually using an existing software tool program. The ejaculatory ducts and the urethra were segmented using a simple active contour based segmentation tool. Finally, a 3D mesh model was developed using boundary points of each of the segmented structure. The following three surgically important measurements calculated using to the model: the angles of the centre of the left duct, to the centre of urethra and to the centre of right duct, perpendicular distance from the centre of urethra to the line joining the two centres of ducts, and width of the prostate. Results showed a large angle both proximally and distally, 3D relationships of ejaculatory ducts and urethra depended on the maximum width of the prostate. During TURP, safe distances to resect the prostate without damaging the ducts are calculated based on the maximum width of the prostate. Depth can be safely resected without damaging the ejaculatory ducts. In the future, it is quite essential to test these results on clinical grounds. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) en_US
dc.subject Transurethral Resection of the Prostate (TURP) en_US
dc.subject 3D modelling. en_US
dc.title A 3D models of human ejaclulatory ducts en_US
dc.type Thesis-Full-text en_US
dc.identifier.faculty Engineering en_US
dc.identifier.degree Master of science in Electronic and Telecommunication en_US
dc.identifier.department Department of Electronic and Telecommunication Engineering en_US
dc.date.accept 2017-05
dc.identifier.accno TH3511 en_US


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