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Development of a method to predict the plasticizer evaporation of PVC insulated electrical cables

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dc.contributor.advisor Amarasinghe DAS
dc.contributor.advisor Attygalle D
dc.contributor.advisor Weragoda VSC Egodage DP 2019 2019 2019
dc.description.abstract Though insulation is critical to the performance of an electrical cable the assessment of the status of an insulation is still a major challenge. Since the root cause of most electrical cable failures is due to insulation deterioration, if the rate of aging can be predicted, properly scheduled, appropriate maintenance programs can nearly eliminate cable failures. The kinetics of plasticizer evaporation of polyvinyl chloride based locally manufactured electrical cable insulations were investigated. Plasticizer evaporation is a slow process under low temperatures and would take years to study under such conditions. Therefore, accelerated conditions were used to get readings within the limited timeframe. Nevertheless, data obtained under accelerated conditions was mapped to normal conditions through Arrhenius approach. Deconvoluted derivative thermograms were used to identify the initial plasticizer percentages and Arrhenius approach was used to map accelerated condition measurements to ambient temperature evaporation rates. As cables are subjected to time varying temperature profiles a method for finding the equivalent temperature could be developed using kinetics of plasticizer evaporation whereby the operating life of the cable can be determined. The developed method could be applied for an electrical cable under a roof which is subjected to fluctuating thermal stress throughout the day and required time to evaporate critical level of plasticizer was determined. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject ELECTRIC CABLES-Insulation en_US
dc.subject PLASTICIZERS-Testing en_US
dc.title Development of a method to predict the plasticizer evaporation of PVC insulated electrical cables en_US
dc.type Thesis-Abstract en_US
dc.identifier.faculty Engineering en_US MSc in Materials Science by research en_US
dc.identifier.department Department of Materials Science & Engineering en_US 2019
dc.identifier.accno TH4035 en_US

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