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Application of dynamic and vibro compaction methods for densification of granular fill in reclaimed land in Sri Lanka

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dc.contributor.advisor De Silva LIN Samarasinghe AI 2019 2019 2019
dc.identifier.citation Samarasinghe, A.I. (2019). Application of dynamic and vibro compaction methods for densification of granular fill in reclaimed land in Sri Lanka [Master’s theses, University of Moratuwa]. Institutional Repository University of Moratuwa.
dc.description.abstract In the recent past, Government of Sri Lanka executed a large-scale reclamation project in Sri Lanka to add a brand-new land of 267-hectare to the Capital, Colombo with strategy of converting Colombo as a commercial hub of South Asia. For this project, 72 Million m3 of sea sand which was dredged by Trailing Suction Hopper Dredgers at 10km off from shore of Colombo was placed mainly by hydraulic methods at lower elevation while applying bulldozers at the top. This reclamation material was noted as clean uniform sand and which was under loose to medium dense condition prior to densification. This sand fill was densified using two methods, namely dynamic compaction and vibro compaction. Dynamic compaction, which is generally considered as one of the most economical sand improving methods, was applied in all areas except vibration sensitive areas at the city end and the areas where deep ground improvement was required for stability of earth retaining structures. Since settlement of subsoil in the seabed is not critical, the considered major geotechnical issues were achieving of required bearing capacity, shear strength and avoiding possible liquefaction. To sort out all geotechnical issues, sand densification was the only solution. Though there is a very long history for dynamic and vibro compaction methods, still reclamation projects are not preplanned to utilize the self-compaction achieves during sand placing very effectively, while designs always follow a very conservative approach. Moreover, designs are carried out using pre-defined energy criterions rather than considering existing fill material properties and its pre-compaction condition. Thus, there was a paramount requirement to assess the dynamic and vibro compaction methods for Sri Lankan fill materials and reclamation methods with the intention of optimization of the above compaction methods. In order to optimize dynamic compaction method, the pre-and post-compaction condition (by CPTs) was evaluated by crater depth, net volume changes, influenced depth and related indices, which assess the degree of improvement based on applied iv energy. Similarly, densification by vibro compaction was evaluated with respect to the factor such as point spacing, amperage and compaction holding time. In addition, effect such as age of the compacted fill was considered for both dynamic and vibro compaction in this reclamation fill of clean sand. Finally, verification of densified ground by selecting CPTs at least compacted points with respect to the compaction grids was assessed for both dynamic and vibro compaction to confirm the optimization has no adverse effect on the final design. Based on the finding of this research, fill material’s index properties of Sri Lankan sea sand were determined while being noted that there is no hesitation for applicability of dynamic and vibro compaction for densification. During the analysis it was suggested to modify some correlations derived based on laboratory test data to achieve more realistic output for actual reclamation condition. In addition, design of dynamic and vibro compaction by performance-based method through trial compaction was discussed. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject CIVIL ENGINEERING-Dissertations en_US
dc.subject COMPACTION en_US
dc.subject DREDGING en_US
dc.subject OPTIMIZATION en_US
dc.title Application of dynamic and vibro compaction methods for densification of granular fill in reclaimed land in Sri Lanka en_US
dc.type Thesis-Full-text en_US
dc.identifier.faculty Engineering en_US MEng. in Foundation Engineering and Earth Retaining Systems en_US
dc.identifier.department Department of Civil Engineering en_US 2019
dc.identifier.accno TH4073 en_US

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