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Feasibility of concentrated solar thermal power plant for grid connected system in Sri Lanka

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dc.contributor.advisor Attalage RA
dc.contributor.author Perera GAS
dc.date.accessioned 2019
dc.date.available 2019
dc.date.issued 2019
dc.identifier.uri http://dl.lib.mrt.ac.lk/handle/123/16040
dc.description.abstract Electricity generation through concentrated solar thermal energy is a rapid developing technology in the world. In order to successfully adapt this technology for Sri Lankan conditions, it is necessary to identify the suitable technology and suitable locations in the country. Also it is a must to evaluate how a small scale concentrated solar power plant performs as the first step since it is a new technology for the country. This research focused on selecting the most suitable technology and location for implementing a concentrated solar power plant through literature review and studying how it performs technically and financially through a software simulation. Literature review depicted that the parabolic trough is the most suitable technology since it is commercially well proven and most matured technology for grid connected power generation systems. Hambanthota is most suitable location in the country since its Direct Normal Irradiation level is more than 1600 kWh/m2/year. An empherical model of a parabolic trough solar thermal plant of capacity 10 MWe at Hambanthota was simulated using the software, System Advisor Model to obtain the performance parameters. This study further focused on finding out the optimum value of solar multiple, the optimum size of thermal energy storage, the best heat transfer fluid and best collector type for the plant under study. Simulation results has shown that a 10 MWe plant can generate 45.8 GWh in the first year with a capacity factor 52.8%. Optimum solar multiple was 3.5 while the optimum thermal energy storage size was 7 hours. Therminol 66 was identified as the most suitable heat transfer fluid and Solargenix SGX-1 was the suitable collector type for this application. The levelized cost of energy was 0.276 $/kWh which is a high value at the moment. The internal rate of return was 3.6% and the net present value was negative indicating that the project is not financially attractive for the investors. The power purchasing agreement price for solar PV, which is 0.1148 $/kWh was used in this simulation. This study was further extended to see how the plant financially performs in future, considering the rate of capital cost reduction of 30% for solar thermal plants in future for every five years time. It has been identified that the project is financially feasible to start after 15 years resulting a positive net present value and levelized cost of energy 0.11 $/kWh. A comparative analysis has shown that it takes more than 15 years for a plant without storage to be financially feasible. Future work is needed to validate the results of the simulation by a physical model. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject MECHANICAL ENGINEERING-Dissertations en_US
dc.subject ENERGY TECHNOLOGY-Dissertations en_US
dc.subject POWER GENERATION-Solar Power en_US
dc.subject SOLAR POWER-Energy Staorage en_US
dc.subject ENERGY STORAGE en_US
dc.title Feasibility of concentrated solar thermal power plant for grid connected system in Sri Lanka en_US
dc.type Thesis-Abstract en_US
dc.identifier.faculty Engineering en_US
dc.identifier.degree M. Eng in Energy Technology en_US
dc.identifier.department Department of Mechanical Engineering en_US
dc.date.accept 2019
dc.identifier.accno TH3952 en_US


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