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Characterization of calcium carbonate filled natural rubber - low density polyethylene blends prepared with a titanate coupling agent

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dc.contributor.advisor Egodage SM
dc.contributor.advisor Edirisinghe DG Sampath WDM 2019 2019 2019
dc.description.abstract The aim of this study was to develop reactive blends from natural rubber (NR) and low density polyethylene (LDPE) with acceptable physico-mechanical properties. NR and LDPE blends at different blend ratios were produced in a Brabender Plasticorder by melt mixing at a temperature of 150 oC, and rotor speed of 60 rpm. 20 parts per hundred parts of polymer (pphp) calcium carbonate was added as an inorganic filler. Physico-mechanical and chemical properties of the blends and composites were determined according to international standards. Thermal properties were determined using a differential scanning calorimeter. Morphology and structural characteristics were examined by a scanning electron microscope and fourier transform infrared analyzer, respectively. 50/50 NR/LDPE blends were prepared using three vulcanizing systems: sulphur, peroxide and mixture of sulphur and peroxide. NR/LDPE blend prepared with the mixed vulcanizing system showed the highest physicomechanical, chemical, and ageing properties with a fine morphology. A series of simple blends was formulated by varying the LDPE loading from 10 to 90 pphp at 20 pphp intervals. The tensile strength, tear strength, and hardness increased with the increase of LDPE loading, while elongation at break decreased. The continuous phase of blends changed from NR to LDPE above 30 pphp LDPE loading. The optimum tensile and ageing properties were obtained for the composite prepared with 20 pphp calcium carbonate with or without titanate coupling agent (titanate CA) at 30 pphp LDPE loading. Further, 70/30 NR/LDPE composite prepared with 0.7 pphp titanate CA presented the highest physicomechanical, chemical and ageing properties. Furthermore, the performance of the 70/30 NR/LDPE blends produced with 0.3 pphp peroxide was greater than that of the composites prepared without the peroxide and with a high amount of peroxide. Nevertheless, tensile properties, stress and strain of the 70/30 NR/LDPE composite improved with partial replacement of LDPE with recycled LDPE (rLDPE). The composite with 20 pphp rLDPE indicated the best improvement in all physico-mechanical properties. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject POLYETHYLENES-Low Density en_US
dc.subject COUPLING AGENTS-Titanates en_US
dc.subject PEROXIDES en_US
dc.subject POLYETHYLENES-Recycling en_US
dc.title Characterization of calcium carbonate filled natural rubber - low density polyethylene blends prepared with a titanate coupling agent en_US
dc.type Thesis-Abstract en_US
dc.identifier.faculty Engineering en_US Master of Philosophy en_US
dc.identifier.department Department of Chemical and Process Engineering en_US 2019
dc.identifier.accno TH4102 en_US

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