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Investigation of the effect of mold releasing agent and residual calcium nitrate/calcium ion of nitrile higher mil gloves to wet look defect

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dc.contributor.advisor Walpolage S Weerakon W M V B 2020 2020 2020
dc.description.abstract Two types of latex are used in disposable gloves manufacturing as natural latex and synthetic latex. Calcium nitrate (calcium ion) is used as the coagulant and calcium carbonate or calcium stearate is used as the former releasing agent. In pre leaching of natural latex gloves, protein removal also required other than the calcium nitrate removal and post leaching is necessary to further removal of protein. Effectiveness of leaching depends mainly on - three factors as leaching time, leaching tank condition and leaching temperature. In natural latex gloves, it can be maintained leaching takes place at a higher temperature since natural rubber has a high crystalline temperature. But in synthetic latex gloves manufacturing, it cannot be kept at the leaching tank temperature at higher temperatures since the glove becomes hard since its crystalline temperature is low. If the glove film has high thickness, leaching is difficult. Limitation of water supply and high wastewater treatment costs are the main issues with leaching. Chlorination is used to modify the disposable glove surface by reducing the tackiness which is a characteristic of rubber. Chlorination reduces the friction between the rubber surface and the other surface which come into contact. There are two types of chlorination as online chlorination and offline chlorination. Online chlorination is done by immersing the glove into a chlorine water tank before removing the glove from the former. At online chlorination, the inner surface of the glove gets smoother. If smoothness of the outside surface also requires, offline chlorination is done as a batch process in chlorinators (a machine like a washing machine). Other than that, chlorine water solution can convert calcium carbonate/ calcium stearate which is used as the former releasing agent to calcium salts. There are some disposable gloves which the chlorination is in complete. Chlorination is used to reduce the tackiness resulted from this incomplete chlorination. Calcium ion can absorb moisture from the surrounding. If calcium ion remains on the latex glove surface, it gives a wet look by absorbing the surrounding moisture. In the industry, it is called “Oil marks”. The degree of wet look depends on calcium ion concentration and surrounding moisture content. If the glove surface contains a iv moisture absorbing material like calcium carbonate or corn starch, wet look is not visible even if the glove surface has a significant amount of calcium ions. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject POLYMER TECHNOLOGY-Dissertations en_US
dc.subject RUBBER PRODUCTS-Gloves en_US
dc.subject LATEXES en_US
dc.subject CHLORINATION en_US
dc.title Investigation of the effect of mold releasing agent and residual calcium nitrate/calcium ion of nitrile higher mil gloves to wet look defect en_US
dc.type Thesis-Abstract en_US
dc.identifier.faculty Engineering en_US MSc in Polymer Technology en_US
dc.identifier.department Department of Chemical and Process Engineering en_US 2020
dc.identifier.accno TH4151 en_US

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