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Development of a solid tire black tread compound with extremely low polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon content

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dc.contributor.advisor Edirisinghe DG
dc.contributor.advisor Premachandra BAJK Anthony Pulle VAS 2020 2020 2020
dc.description.abstract The Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) can be identified as a large group of organic compounds. These organic compounds have two or more fused aromatic rings that contain only carbon and hydrogen atoms. These PAHs are non-polar compounds, lipophilic and insoluble in water. Drinking water can be contaminated with PAHs and PAHs can be available mainly in coal and tar deposits. PAHs are hazardous and the extent to which it is hazardous depends on concentration of PAHs, time duration of exposure to PAHs and the type of PAHs. All PAHs are not hazardous to human health. Human exposure has various methods such as smoking rates, fuel types in cooking, pollution control on power plants, industrial processes and moving vehicles. Two methods are readily available in vehicle, which is emission of incomplete combustion of fuel and worn off parts in tires. Tread compound in tires is a source of PAHs due to the presence of some raw materials used in compounding such as processing oil and carbon black. Tire tread part contains up to 28% of extender oil to provide the required elasticity and stickiness. High aromatic (HA) oil content in car tires is in the range of 6% to 8% of the total tire mass and between 11% to 16% of the tread. These HA oils have a PAH content between 300-700 mg kg-1 and tire has an estimated PAH content in the range of 13.5 mg-112 mg kg-1. Default (tread) compound of industry was selected for this project and a rubber compound was developed with an extremely low PAH level by using alternative raw materials such as PAH free carbon black, glove reclaim (white), vegetable oil derivatives and coconut shell powder. The number of PAHs in the compound reduced to 13.48 mg kg-1 from 51.6 mg kg-1 . en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject POLYMER TECHNOLOGY-Dissertations en_US
dc.subject CARBON BLACK en_US
dc.subject TIRE INDUSTRY-Solid Tires en_US
dc.title Development of a solid tire black tread compound with extremely low polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon content en_US
dc.type Thesis-Abstract en_US
dc.identifier.faculty Engineering en_US MSc in Polymer Technology en_US
dc.identifier.department Department of Chemical and Process Engineering en_US 2020
dc.identifier.accno TH4162 en_US

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