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Estimation of actual earth resistance of a complex earthing network using soil layer modelling in the finite element domain

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dc.contributor.advisor Rodrigo AS Liyanage WLDC 2021-12-15T09:02:15Z 2021-12-15T09:02:15Z 2021
dc.description.abstract Telecom infrastructure growth rate has been rapidly increased due to higher competition among operators for them to provide reliable and quality service to the customers. Rapid increase of telecom tower construction and usage of advanced equipment has been taken in place due to the recent development in telecom sector in Sri Lanka as well. The tower being a tall structure in the environment, act as a direct path for lightning to be grounded. Though it will protect low height buildings and people in the vicinity from direct lightning strikes, having a proper earthing system with low earth resistance is a must to avoid possible hazards by ground potential rise. Given the smaller area of the tower premises proper earthing network should be incorporated to maintain the lower earth resistance at the tower. Operators have to maintain the earth resistance at tower sites as per the TRCSL guideline for antenna structures which is below 5 ohms [1] To meet the TRCSL guidelines operators have incorporated complex earthing systems in tower sites. Typically, the tower earthing system includes copper tapes and multiple number of rods which have made a complex earth network to achieve the lowest possible earth resistance. Measuring earth resistance is quite hard in a complex earthing network due to parallel conductors, intersections and subjected to many assumptions including specially the homogeneity around all directions. Site measurement is the key parameter of reflecting the earth networks effectiveness to surges and lightnings. This thesis discusses specifically the reasons for deviations in measured and theorical values. Simulated earth networks thorough ANSYS Maxwell in the finite element domain to achieve earth resistance profile has been elaborated. Site earth resistance measurements has been taken along different directions. compared with the measurements in every direction of the sites. Validation has been done by the comparison between simulation and measurement. Analysis has done for different types of soil conditions and limitations for study has been discussed. Thesis concludes with the mechanism to estimate the accurate earth resistance of a site for a particular accuracy which also includes the general assumptions. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING - Dissertations en_US
dc.subject EARTHING ARRANGEMENTS – Soil Conditions en_US
dc.subject TELECOM- SRI LANKA en_US
dc.subject TELECOM TOWER en_US
dc.title Estimation of actual earth resistance of a complex earthing network using soil layer modelling in the finite element domain en_US
dc.type Thesis-Abstract en_US
dc.identifier.faculty Engineering en_US MSc in Electrical Engineering en_US
dc.identifier.department Department of Electrical Engineering en_US 2021
dc.identifier.accno TH4484 en_US

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