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Cost Implications of adopting eurocodes for steel concrete composite bridges in Sri Lanka

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dc.contributor.advisor Jayasinghe MTR Abeysuriya AN 2022 2022 2022
dc.identifier.citation Abeysuriya, A.N. (2022). Cost Implications of adopting eurocodes for steel concrete composite bridges in Sri Lanka [Master's theses, University of Moratuwa]. Institutional Repository University of Moratuwa.
dc.description.abstract Construction of concrete bridges gained popularity after the introduction of pre-stressed concrete in 1950s, due to low cost of maintenance and locally available construction material. The concrete bridge industry was developed, so that reinforced and pre-stressed concrete bridges were designed and constructed in Sri Lanka. Steel being imported material that require maintenance, steel bridge industry was not developed. Although with present high-grade steel, durable protective systems, steel composite bridges offer competitive designs for longer spans, locations with poor ground conditions, accessibility problems due to congested traffic and remote locations. BS5400-2 (1978) and R.D.A Bridge design Manual remained as the main bridge design standards during past few decades up-to-date. Pre-tensioned beams used in the road network are still produced, and bridges are designed for these standards. BS design standard need to be replaced with Eurocode standard since BS standards will not be updated in future. This study selected UK National Annex for traffic loads (NA to BSEN 1991-2:2003) to compare with current BS 5400-2 loading adopted in Sri Lanka. Standard simply supported bridge decks with two traffic lanes (carriageway 7.4m) and two footways on either side considered in this study. Standard pre-tensioned concrete beam deck spans 9.04m – 24.54m and composite designs made for this study for spans 31.5m – 50m considered in the comparison of traffic loads of BS5400-2 (1978 & 2006) and Eurocode UK National Annex. Culverts and existing bridge span up to 9.0m were not considered to maintain the simplicity of this study. iii In order to compare deck costs, existing concrete decks were estimated based on Highway Schedule of Rates (HSR) and past construction data. Designs and estimates were prepared for recommended UKNA loading for steel composite bridges for spans 11.5m – 50m. The cost information provided from a steel fabricator and published data together with past construction data were considered in the estimation of composite decks. This study recommends suitable UKNA loading, to replace current BS loading and identifies economical span range for steel composite bridges designed, when compared with existing concrete bridge types for prices prevailed in 2020. Identical costing process could be repeated with latest prices and HSR rates to for comparison of cost between concrete and steel concrete composite decks in future years. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject TRAFFIC LOADS en_US
dc.subject BRIDGE DECK TYPES en_US
dc.subject DECK COST en_US
dc.subject COST COMPARISON en_US
dc.subject STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING - Dissertation en_US
dc.subject CIVIL ENGINEERING – Dissertation en_US
dc.title Cost Implications of adopting eurocodes for steel concrete composite bridges in Sri Lanka en_US
dc.type Thesis-Abstract en_US
dc.identifier.faculty Engineering en_US MSc in Structural Engineering en_US
dc.identifier.department Department of Civil Engineering en_US 2022
dc.identifier.accno TH4759 en_US

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