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dc.contributor.advisor Sugathapala, AGT
dc.contributor.author Maldeniya, PS
dc.date.accessioned 2012-07-25T11:26:06Z
dc.date.available 2012-07-25T11:26:06Z
dc.identifier.uri http://dl.lib.mrt.ac.lk/handle/123/2070
dc.description.abstract In this research project the tea withering process, which accounts for the bulk of electricity consumption in tea manufacturing was investigated. The main objective of the project was to develop a proper flow control strategy for the withering process to conserve energy. The other objective was to devise a method to select a suitable axial flow fan to optimize energy utilization. With the present design of withering troughs, process parameters such as temperature and relative humidity could not be precisely controlled. Due to this, empirical approach involving multiple tests was used to derive the relationship between the drying rate and other major parameters. Air flow rate, temperature and relative humidity of inlet air, pressure inside the trough, and energy consumption of the fans were the measured parameters. Several fans with different make and different operating conditions were studied during the experimental testing. The results of the study reveal that during the first few hours (around 4 hours) the drying rate was dependent upon both the flow rate and the wet and dry bulb temperature difference. But in the latter hours, drying rate is mainly dependant on wet and dry bulb temperature difference. Therefore, it was concluded that best flow schedule is that the fan runs at full speed at the first 4-5 hours and then the speed is lowered in such a way that the pressure inside the trough does not go below 75 Pa, the recommended minimum pressure. When this flow schedule was coupled with other factors, such as the quality of tea deteriorating due to long withers, uneven withering, and variation of crop, it was revealed that conventional fans, which are usually overdesigned with higher pressure and flow rate capacities, when operated with variable speed drives with the developed flow schedule, can be more effective than the fans recently introduced to the industry. Further research work on thick bed drying is needed to confirm the results. It is recommended to construct a test rig which can regulate the parameters such as flow rate, humidity and temperature and can record the test parameters real time, and hence derive an accurate drying rate equation for tea withering process.
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject CHEMICAL AND PROCESS ENGINEERING - Thesis ; SUSTAINABLE PROCESS DEVELOPMENT - Thesis ; PROCESS CONTROL ; TEA INDUSTRY
dc.title Proper flow control strategy for tea withering process
dc.type Thesis-Abstract
dc.identifier.faculty Engineering en_US
dc.identifier.degree MSc en_US
dc.identifier.department Department of Chemical Engineering and Process Engineering en_US
dc.date.accept 2011
dc.identifier.accno 102522 en_US


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