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Assessment of climate change impact on water availability in upper Mahaweli river basin, Sri Lanka

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dc.contributor.advisor De Silva PKC Musadiq F 2022 2022 2022
dc.identifier.citation Musadiq, F. (2022). Assessment of climate change impact on water availability in upper Mahaweli river basin, Sri Lanka [Master's theses, University of Moratuwa]. Institutional Repository University of Moratuwa.
dc.description.abstract Climate change, population increase, and economic development will all have an impact on future water availability for drinking water supply, agriculture, and recreation activities, with different effects in different regions. The present study investigates the potential impact of climate change on future water availability in the Peradeniya sub-catchment of the Upper Mahaweli river basin. The hydrological modeling of this study was performed by Hydrologic Engineering Centre Hydrological Modelling systems (HEC-HMS). In this study, the entire catchment area was divided into three sub-basins to simulate runoff at the outlet of the catchment and the model results were calibrated and validated using historical streamflow data. Future runoff based on calibrated parameters was estimated after bias correction of climate rainfall data for representative concentration pathways (RCP) 4.5 and RCP 8.5 scenarios. Further, an assessment of water availability based on annual and seasonal periods was carried out from the model results. The model calibration carried out from 1990 to 1994, indicated good model results in terms of objective functions where root mean square error (RMSE) is 0.60, Nash-Sutcliffe (NSE) is 0.62, and Percent Bias is -15%. Further, validation of model results from 1994 to 2000 yielded RMSE of 0.60, NSE of 0.52, and Percent Bias of 13.9 % indicating good model results. From the results obtained, it was identified that the water availability will increase for both scenarios RCP 4.5 and RCP 8.5 during the mid-century (2040-2060) and end-century (2080-2100) period. The annual water availability concerning the historical period will increase by 27.34 % during the mid-century period and will further increase by 42.06 % during the end-century period in the RCP 8.5 scenario. The seasonal water availability in mid-century compared to the historical period will be more affected during the first inter-monsoon (FIM) period with an average increase of 69 % and 83 % in RCP 4.5 and RCP 8.5 scenario, respectively. Whilst the seasonal water availability will decrease during the first inter-monsoon (FIM) in the endcentury compared to the mid-century period by 26 % and 27 % in RCP 4.5 and RCP 8.5 scenarios, respectively. The findings of this study can be useful for the water managers and stakeholders to manage future water needs in the basin and reduce the future vulnerabilities associated with the increasing water availability in the basin. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject CLIMATE CHANGE en_US
dc.subject HEC-HMS en_US
dc.subject CIVIL ENGINEERING - Dissertation en_US
dc.title Assessment of climate change impact on water availability in upper Mahaweli river basin, Sri Lanka en_US
dc.type Thesis-Abstract en_US
dc.identifier.faculty Engineering en_US MSc in Water Resources Engineering and Management en_US
dc.identifier.department Department of Civil Engineering - Madanjeet Singh Centre en_US 2022
dc.identifier.accno TH4955 en_US

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