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Prediction of atmospheric corrosion of hot dip galvanized steel in Sri Lanka and the related energy conservation

Show simple item record Gallage, I 2011-03-25T09:25:04Z 2011-03-25T09:25:04Z 3/25/2011
dc.description.abstract Steel is the primary material manufacturing and building industries. At the usable state it is at a high energy level and tends to revert back to its primary energy level, which consists mainly of oxides (iron ore) and this phenomenon is called corrosion. The problem of steel corrosion is a major draw back of using the metal. Corrosion is quantified as corrosion rate that applies for any metal and it can be given as the number of urn from the metal surface lost as corrosion or the mass of steel lost as corrosion in mg/m2 or the mass of steel reverted back to its primary energy level. Galvanizing, which is applying a Zinc coating on Steel, is one of the most reliable and cost effective methods of protecting steel. This method of protecting steel sacrifices one material to protect another, i.e. steel is protected by sacrificing Zinc. The primary reason to use Zinc as a coating to protect steel is the low corrosion rates of Zinc compared with Steel. The study introduces a brief interpretation of the ratio of zinc corrosion rates to the ratios of steel corrosion rates. This kind of discussion is necessary to get a clear picture of the corrosion rates of the two materials involved. The concept of embodied energy, which is the quantum of energy required to bring a material to its present state from its "cradle", gives us the liberty to convert a unit mass of a given material to an equivalent quantum of energy. By using the concept of embodied energy, corrosion rate can be interpreted as the rate of loss of energy or simply power loss. The primary objective of this study is to compare the corrosion rate of Steel and Zinc and interpret it as the loss of energy and compare the energy losses. This comparison depends on the embedded energy quantity of each material and corrosion rate each material possesses in a given environment. The comparison is done only for the atmospheric environment. This kind of analysis makes it possible to determine the energy efficiency in overcoming steel corrosion by Hot Dip Galvanizing. The findings of a case study which is a fully Galvanized steel transmission line is presented and the EROI (Energy Return On Investment) is assessed to display the method of assessment of a corrosion protection method in the context of energy. The case study showed an EROI of 7.7. Though embodied energy values of steel, zinc and even galvanized steel has been established , the corrosion rates of metals in Sri Lanka has not been dealt with in detail up to date. Corrosion rates of steel and zinc in Sri Lanka was essential to complete the study. The establishment of corrosion rates was completed to fulfill the main objective of the study. The corrosion rates of steel, copper and aluminum derived from the corrosion rates of zinc or the "corrosion map" of Sri Lanka is one final and very useful outcome which will be dealt in-depth. en_US
dc.format.extent xi, various pages: ill en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject ENGINEERING-Thesis en_US
dc.subject ENERGY TECHNOLOGY-Thesis en_US
dc.subject GALVANIZING en_US
dc.title Prediction of atmospheric corrosion of hot dip galvanized steel in Sri Lanka and the related energy conservation en_US
dc.type Thesis-Abstract
dc.identifier.faculty Engineering en_US MEng en_US
dc.identifier.department Department of Mechanical Engineering en_US 2004-02 2004-02
dc.identifier.accno 79622 en_US

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