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Development of an effective and enforceable effluent control system for industrial estates in Sri Lanka

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dc.contributor.advisor Gunawardena, ND Jayawardena, B 2011-03-29T05:53:13Z 2011-03-29T05:53:13Z
dc.description A Dissertation submitted to the Department of Civil Engineering for the MBA en_US
dc.description.abstract As a result of rapid industrialization and the poor attention paid to control industrial pollution a remarkable increase in generation of pollutants and accumulation of wastes are observed in the country. Industries have conveniently ignored the treatment of industrial effluents due to weak or virtually non existent regulatory enforcement. Central wastewater treatment plants in many industrial estates are not functioning effectively and surface water bodies have become polluted and continue to create a threat to public health, aquatic life and sustainability of the environment. Therefore, the need for an effective and enforceable industrial pollution management system has been identified as a prime requirement in the country. The objective of this research was to develop an effective and enforceable effluent control policy and strategy based on a mix of market based incentives for environmental compliance combined with an element of command and control characteristics for industries in industrial estates in Sri Lanka. Biyagama Export Processing Zone was taken as the proxy for current effluent control system in industrial estates in Sri Lanka. The proposed effluent control system was was developed based on experiences of other countries and feasibility studies conducted in the Sri Lankan context on effectiveness of using economic incentives in controlling pollution. Efforts were made to address the present limitations in the public sector where the lack of accountability of the regulatory agencies resulted in poor effluent monitoring and weak enforcement, with a pragmatic system that transferred the burden of proof of compliance from the regulatory agency to the industrialist. Literature review includes experiences and similar case studies from countries like Germany, Japan, Indonesia, China, Australia and Sri Lanka. The research proposes a load based license fee scheme for the effluent generating industries in industrial estates in Sri Lanka. This system will make industries responsible for industrial pollution control through self monitoring and minimizes the involvement of the regulator in routine monitoring and passes the burden of proof of compliance to the industrialist. The regulator's role is limited to ad-hoc compliance monitoring to verify the self monitoring data from the industrialist combined with a effluent charges for ensuring compliance with national environmental standards. The environmental management policy proposed makes the polluter responsible for environment protection by offering economic incentives to reduce and control pollution. This is one of the strategies priorities outlined in the National Industrial Pollution Management Action Plan and is a long time need of the country. It is expected that adoption of the environment management system proposed as a result of this research will result in a significant improvement in compliance of national environmental standards.
dc.format.extent vii, 56p. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject MBA in Infrasrtucture
dc.title Development of an effective and enforceable effluent control system for industrial estates in Sri Lanka
dc.type Thesis-Abstract
dc.identifier.faculty Engineering en_US MBA en_US
dc.identifier.department Department of Civil Engineering en_US 2006-07
dc.identifier.accno 85789 en_US

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