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Characterization and evaluation of starch xanthide encased powdered natural rubber

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dc.contributor.advisor Amarasinghe, ADUS Maduwage, S 2011-05-24T11:50:49Z 2011-05-24T11:50:49Z
dc.description.abstract Rubber as a free-flowing powder, is essential in order to stream line the manufacturing processes of rubber goods. The previous works noted the importance of using powdered rubber as a competitive raw material for continuous processing in rubber industry. However, in most of these works, the study was continued to the synthetic rubbers and only a few had been reported on the natural rubber. Sri Lanka which is an agricultural based country, has a bulk quantity of natural rubber field latex at a low price. Hence, it is worthwhile to produce a value-added product like powdered rubber using field latex. Encapsulation is a common process in preparing powdered natural rubber. In this process, starch xanthate, SX, which acts as a diluent/reinforcing filler, behaves as an encapsulating agent for latex particles. The level of encapsulation as well as the properties of the resulting powder is highly dependent on the strength and the amount of the SX solution. The present work investigates these effects with varying strength of SX by changing the degrees of substitution, DS, of the SX solution and also the loading of the SX. The lower and the upper limits of DS of SX examined were 0.07 and 0.35 and the results suggested that the intermediate DS levels were more promising. The physical properties of the final vulcanizates were found to be satisfactory and were comparable with the rubbers available in the market. Study on drying techniques established the necessity of water washing step for natural rubber powders to remove non-rubber substances and the applicltion of an anti-cake agent to prevent agglomeration during drying. The effect of different anti-cake agents such as zinc stearate, talc powder and whiting was examined and zinc stearate was found to be the best out of the anti-cake agents used. Highly friable crumbs that ground readily to give powders were obtained with oven drying rather than with sun drying.
dc.format.extent 78p. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject THESIS ;
dc.subject RUBBER ;
dc.title Characterization and evaluation of starch xanthide encased powdered natural rubber
dc.type Thesis-Abstract
dc.identifier.faculty Engineering en_US MSc en_US
dc.identifier.department Department of Chemical Engineering en_US 1999-09
dc.identifier.accno 72267 en_US

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